The Official State Flower of Alabama is Camellia. In 1959, the camellia flower was designated the Alabama State Flower. It replace the original state flower goldenrod which was adopted in 1927. The common Camellia is classified as Camellia japonica. The Alabama quarter features camellias. There is also an official state wildflower of Alabama.
Also Read – U.S.A State Flowers
Origin and History
A bill introduced in the 1927 legislature by Representative T. E. Martin, Montgomery County, making the goldenrod the state flower, became a law on September 6, 1927.
House Bill 24, approved August 26, 1959, amended Section 8, Title 55, of the Code of 1940, to read: “The camellia is hereby designated and named as the state flower of Alabama.” (Acts 1959, No. 124.) In June 1999, the Legislature designated that the camellia, Camellia japonica L., is the official state flower of Alabama.
Source – https://archives.alabama.gov/
Overview of Camellias
Camellias are beautiful plants with exquisite blossoms. The delicate petals and vibrant hues of the blooms contrast with the shrub’s dark green leaves, making the blossoms stand out. There are numerous colors of Camellias to pick from. These flowers and bushes, which range in color from vibrant red to basic white, look excellent in any garden. Camellias are also distinguished by their form. Their triangular petals are all arranged in a beautiful geometric pattern toward the centre, making them visually appealing.
Camellias come in almost 3,000 different varieties. That’s why there’s such a wide range of hues. This explains why there are so many different flowering seasons. Camellias are most common throughout the winter, from October until April.
The camellia (Camellia japonica L), sometimes known as “the winter rose,” is a plant native to China, Korea, Taiwan, and Japan. Camellias are grown in the southeastern United States in a variety of hues and bloom styles.
- Camellia japonica thrives in full to partial shade in garden beds.
- The Camellia japonica L was named the official state flower of Alabama by the Alabama Legislature in June 1999.
- Camellia Japonica is the most well-known Camellia species in gardens, with the greatest number of variants.
- With the synonym Thea japonica, the genus Camellia was named for Fr. Kamel S.J., a Jesuit botanist.
- Camellia cuttings are the most common method of propagation.
- Camellia flower bloom from November to March, with the best months being January and February.
- Camellia species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species.
- Camellia cuttings are the most common and effective form of propagation.
- In full shade to semi-shaded situations, the bloom thrives.
- Camellia fruit is a dry capsule with 1-5 compartments containing 1-8 seeds apiece.
- The camellia is Alabama’s only state flower that isn’t native to the state or country. Japan, China, Malaysia, and India are all home to Camellia japonicas species.