India has a wide diversity of cultures and languages. India has a diverse language population in states and union territories. This article will provide information on the official languages spoken in the Indian state and union territories. Many people spoke different language within its borders though many states due to migration.
Also Read: State and Union Territory Capital
List of official languages of states of India
|Indian State||State Official language(s)|
|Andhra Pradesh||Telugu, Urdu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Nissi/Dafla, Adi, English|
|Sikkim||English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha|
|Tripura||Bengali, English, Kokborok|
|West Bengal||Bengali, English|
List of official languages of Union Territories of India
|Indian Union territory||Union territory Official language(s)|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Hindi, English|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Hindi, English, Gujarati|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, English|
|Puducherry||Tamil, English, French|
Also Read: States and Union Territories Symbols
Important Facts about official Languages in India
- In terms of the total number of speakers, the top 3 languages in India are Hindi, Bengali, and Marathi.
- There are 1652 languages that are regarded as mother tongues including all Indian states and union territories.
- The 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution originally only listed 18 languages.
- There are currently 22 official languages in India, and they are included in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution.
- The official languages of India are Hindi and English. According to the Indian Constitution, there is no national language because the document’s authors wisely believed that all languages are significant.
- The 22 major languages spoken in India are Sanskrit, Assamese, Bangla, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Santali, Sindhi, and Urdu