List of Major Ports in India

All ports in India are located in the following 9 impartial states of India namely Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu. India’s elongated coastline forms one of the major part of land that juts out into a water body. There are 13 major ports in the country that conduct a lot of volume of container and cargo traffic.

On the west shore, there are the ports of Mumbai, Mormugao, Mangalore, Kandla, JNPT, and Cochin. The ones on the east shore are the ports at Chennai, Vishakhapatnam, Tuticorin, Kolkata, Paradip, and Ennore. Ennore is a registered public company and also government owning a 68% stake. In Andaman and Nicobar Islands, there is Port which name is Blair. Mumbai port is the largest natural port in India.

Marine transport in India is administered and controlled by the state and the central governments. The shipping ministry handle the major ports, the intermediate and the minor ports are administered by the State government in according to the port is located. India’s 95% of trading is done by maritime transport. The major ports in India are located in:

  • Maharashtra -53
  • Gujarat -40
  • Tamil Nadu – 15 
  • Karnataka – 10

Major Ports in India

Eastern CoastTamil NaduChennaiArtificial PortSecond busiest port
Western CoastKeralaKochiSited in the Vembanad lake
Exports of spices and salts
Eastern CoastTamil NaduEnnoreIndia’s First corporatized port
Eastern CoastWest BengalKolkataIndia’s only major Riverine portSituated on Hugli river
Known as Diamond Harbour
Western CoastGujaratKandlaKnown as Tidal Port
Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone
Largest port by volume of cargo handled.
Western CoastKarnatakaMangaloreDeals with the iron ore exports
Western CoastGoaMormugaoSituated on the estuary of the river Zuari
Western CoastMaharashtraMumbai Port TrustLargest Natural Port and harbour In IndiaThe busiest port in India
Western CoastMaharashtraJawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) also known as Nhava Sheva, Navi Mumbai Largest Artificial PortIt is the Largest Container Port in India.
Eastern CoastOdishaParadipNatural Harbor
deals with the export of iron and aluminium
Eastern CoastTamil NaduTuticorinA major port in south India
deals with the fertilizers and petrochemical products
Eastern CoastAndhra PradeshVisakhapatnamDeepest port of India
deals with the export of iron ore to Japan. Amenities for building and fixing of ships are available
Bay of BengalAndaman & Nicobar IslandsPort BlairThe port connected to the mainland of India through ship and flight. This port is situated in between two international shipping lines namely Saudi Arabia & US Singapore.

Leave a Comment