India has three national boards and other state boards which conduct board examinations for students in classes 10th and 12th across India. School education in India is provided by various academic boards with their presence at national and state level. There are three national boards in our country namely Central board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). They conduct board examinations for students studying in classes 10th and 12th.
List of Education Boards in India:
- State boards
- International Baccalaureate (IB)
- Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)
- National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE)
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
1. State boards
Every state over India has its personal Board of Education that sets the curriculum for the schools under it. According to last count, there were 52 state sanctioned boards in India. West Bengal is has six different boards: Board of Madrasah Education, Board of Primary Education, Board of Secondary Education, Council of Higher Secondary Education, Council of Rabindra Open university. And also there is State Council of Vocational Education and Training. The largest number of schools in India is affiliated to various state boards.in India 1.3 crore students gave the various state board exams. These state boards also cater to students of all skill levels by forming a minimum base. While each state board has a distinct appearance, they share some resemblance.
Here is the list of some state board in India:
- Maharashtra State Board Of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education – MSBSHSE
- Board of High School and Intermediate Education Uttar Pradesh- UP Board
- Board of Secondary Education Rajasthan – RBSE
- West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education – WBCHSE
- Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education- JKBOSE
- Punjab School Education Board – PSEB
- Andhra Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education- BIEAP
- Bihar School Examination Board- BSEB
- Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board – GSEB
- Andhra Pradesh Board of Secondary Education- BSEAP
- Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education- HPBOSE
- Haryana Board of School Education – HBSE
- West Bengal Board of Secondary Education – WBBSE
- Madhya Pradesh Board of Secondary Education – MPBSE
- Chhattisgarh Board of Secondary Education – CGBSE
2. International Baccalaureate (IB)
It was founded in 1968, IB was made to provide an international program for diplomats’ children. It is conduct by a not for profit, International Baccalaureate Organization, risen in Geneva. The curriculum is separated into Primary Years Program, Middle Years Program (MYP), and the Diploma Program (DP). At every stage, the programme is idea based and encourages questions.
3. Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)
Founded in 1858, CIE is a provider of international Education to 10,000 schools in 160 countries. CIE educations are recognized for admission by UK universities (including Oxford and Cambridge), United States (All Ivy League universities), Canada, European Union, Middle East, West Asia, Bangladesh, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
4. National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
Founded in 1989, The NIOS launch as an open school i.e a student can study remotely. It is conduct as an education process for children and adults. The motive was to increase access to education in primordial areas. It also has its own centres in some international countries, such as the USA, the UAE, and Malaysia. With more than 350,000 students per year, it is the largest open education schooling system in the world.
5. Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE)
Founded in 1958, the CISCE custom the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). CISCE is a non-governmental, private institution. It introduced as a national alternative to the British and American systems. It worked as a kindergarten to Grade 12 program.
6. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
CBSE is one of the oldest education boards in India since 1962. It’s headquartered in Delhi. CBSE reports to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). In July 2017, the Board has 19,316 schools in India and 211 schools in 25 foreign countries. These all schools include 14,860 independent schools, 2,734 government/ aided schools, 590 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalayas, 1,118 Kendriya Vidyalayas, and 14 Central Tibetan Schools. After all put together, over 11 lakh children gave the CBSE board exams in 2017.