Today in India and World History: April 13

April is the fourth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. It was originally the second month of the year in the Roman calendar and named Martius

According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. April 13 has its own special significance in India and world history.

April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar and its predecessor, the Julian calendar. Its name is derived from the latin word aperit, which means to open.

It is also believed that the month’s name is named after the Greek goddess, Aphrodite (Aphros).

Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on April 13. Read on to know more about this day.

List of Important Historical events of 13 April:

  • 1699: Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, founded the Khalsa Panth.
  • 1735: Emperor Sakuramachi ascended the throne of Japan.
  • 1742: Performed George Frederick Handel’s orchestral “Messiah” for the first time at the New Music Hall in Dublin.
  • 1759: French defeated European allies at the Battle of Bergen
  • 1772: Warren Hastings appointed chairman of the Bengal Committee of the East India Company.
  • 1823: Eleven-year-old Franz Liezt gives a concert, after which he is personally greeted by Ludwig van Beethoven.
  • 1842: First Anglo-Afghan War:The first British-Afghan War was fought in Gelalabad, in which the British Army emerged victorious.
  • 1890: Birth of filmmaker Dadasaheb Tornay, who produced India’s first film ‘Shripundaliq’.
  • 1919: The brutal massacre in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar.
  • 1939: Hindustani Red Army (Indian Red Army) was formed for armed struggle with the British in India.
  • 1960: France becomes the fourth country to test the atomic bomb in the Sahara desert.
  • 1970: The fuel tank of the American spacecraft Apollo 13 while traveling to the moon explodes.
  • 1984: Indian cricket team won the Asia Cup for the first time by defeating Pakistan by 58 runs in Sharjah.
  • 1986: The first child born to an unrelated surrogate mother.
  • 1994: Golden Jubilee session of Escape concluded in New Delhi, ‘Child Right Worldsite’ organization formed by 112 Nobel laureates to fight against exploitation of children around the world.
  • 1997: US golf player Aldrick Tiger Woods becomes the youngest player to win the US Masters Championship at the age of 21.
  • 2004: Brian Lara played a historic 400-run knock against England in Antigua.
  • 2007: 60 years of India-Russia diplomatic relations complete.
  • 2013: 8 people killed in a bus explosion in Peshawar, Pakistan.

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