List of First in India

India is a developing nation and the rate of development is a measure of different factors altogether. Indian society is progressing at a better pace due to the upliftment of different domains related to arts, science, architecture, sports, etc. There are many fields where India has marked the numero uno position. So here is a list of ‘First in India’, divided into males and females in sports, defense, Politics and more:

First in India (Male)

First Prime Minister of free IndiaPt. Jawaharlal Nehru
First batsman to score double century in One Day International cricket matchSachin Tendulkar
First man to have climbed Mount Everest twiceNawang Gombu
First President of Indian RepublicDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Indian PilotJ.R.D. Tata
First Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
First president of Indian National CongressW.C. Banerjee
First Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
First Muslim President of IndiaDr. Zakir Hussain
First British Governor General of IndiaLord William Bentinck
First British Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
First Governor General of free IndiaLord Mountbatten
First and the last Indian Governer General of free IndiaC. Rajgopalachari
First man who introduce printing press in IndiaJames Hicky
First Indian to join the I.C.S.Satendranath Tagore
First Indian man in spaceRakesh Sharma
First Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing Full termMorarji Desai
First Indian Commander-in-Chief of IndiaGeneral Cariappa
First Cheif of Army StaffGen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji
First Indian member of the Viceroy’s executive councilS.P. Sinha
First President of India who died while in officeDr. Zakir Hussain
First Prime Minister of India who did not face the ParliamentCharan Singh
First Field Marshal of IndiaS.H.F. Manekshaw
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC.V. Raman
First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardDr. Radhakrishnan
First Indian to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
First person to receive Gyanpith awardSri Shankar Kurup
First Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudev Mavalankar
First Vice-President of IndiaDr. Radhakrishnan
First Education MinisterAbul Kalam Azad
First Home Minister of IndiaSardar Vallabha Bhai Patel
First Indian Air Chief MarshalS. Mukharji
First Indian Naval ChiefVice Admiral R.D. Katari
First judge of International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh
First person to receive Paramveer ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygenSherpa Anga Dorjee
First Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
First person to receive Magsaysay AwardAchrya Vinoba Bhave
First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in MedicineHargovind Khurana
First Chinese traveller to visit IndiaFahein
First person to receive Stalin PrizeSaifuddin Kitchlu
First person to resign from the central cabinateShyama Prasad Mukharji
First foreigner to receive Bharat RatnaKhan Abdul Gaffar Khan
First person to receive Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen
First Chief Justice of Supreme CourtJustice Hiralal J. Kania
First President of Indian National CongressW.C. Banerjee
First batsman to score three test century in three successive tests on debutMohd. Azharuddin

First in India (Female)

First Woman Speaker of Lok SabhaMeira Kumar (2009)
India’s First Woman PresidentPratiba Patil
India’s First Woman Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
India’s First Woman GovernorSarojini Naidu
India’s First Woman IPS OfficerKiran Bedi
First Woman Chief Minister of StateSucheta Kripalani
First Woman Union MinisterRajkumari Amrita Kaur
First Woman President of INCAnnie Besant
First Woman Judge of Supreme CourtMeera Sahib Fatima Bibi
First Woman to get Ashok ChakraNirja Bhanot
First Indian Woman Ambassador at UNVijalakshmi Pandit
First Indian woman who reached AntarcticaMahel Musa
First Indian Woman to get Nobel PrizeMother Teresa
First Indian Woman to swim across English ChannelArati Saha
First Indian Woman to climb Mt EverestBachendri Pal
First Indian Woman to become Miss WorldMiss Reita Faria
First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest twiceSanthosh Yadhav
First Indian Woman to become Miss UniverseSusmita Sen
First Indian Woman to get Bharat RatnaIndira Gandhi
First Indian Woman to get Jnanpith AwardAshapurna Devi
First Indian Woman to win WTA TitleSania Mirza
First Indian Woman Airline PilotDurga Banerjee
First Indian Woman to win Gold in Asian GamesKamaljeet Sandhu
First Indian Woman President of INCSarojini Naidu
First Indian Woman to Booker PrizeArundhati Roy
First Woman Musician to get Bharat RatnaMS Subbalakshmi
First Indian Woman to go to spaceKalpana Chawla

First in India – Science & Technology

First hydroelectric plantSidrapong (Darjeeling)
First Man in SpaceRakesh Sharma
First Nuclear ReactorApsara (Maharashtra)
First satelliteAryabhatta
First successfully indigenous launch vehicleSLV-3
First genetically modified food product in IndiaBt. Eggplant Hybrid [Banned]
First to pass the examination of the Indian Medical Service (IMS)Surjo Kumar Chakroborty
First Indian to be appointed as the deputy director-general of programmes (DDP) of the World Health Organization (WHO)Dr. Soumya Swaminathan
First satellite earth station for domestic communicationsSecunderabad
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC.V Raman

First in India – Political and Governance

First Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of IndiaA.P.J Abdul Kalam (1999-2001)
First Minister of Law and JusticeB.R. Ambedkar
First Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayab
First Minister of DefenceBaldev Singh Chokkar (1947-1952)
First National security AdvisorBrajesh Mishra
First Solicitor General of IndiaC K Daphtary
First Indian Governor General of Independent IndiaC. Rajgopalachari
First Indian Judge of International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh
The President of Constituent AssemblyDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Minister of AgricultureDr. Rajendra Prasad (1946-1948)
First President of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)
First Speaker of Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudev Mavalankar (1952-1956)
First Prime Minister of IndiaJawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964)
First Chief Economic Advisor of IndiaJJ Anjaria
First Minister of RailwaysJohn Mathai (1947-1948)
First Chief Justice of IndiaJustice Hiralal J. Kania
First Foreign Secretary of IndiaK.P.S Menon
Last Governor General of IndiaLord Canning
First Governor of BengalLord Clive
First Governor General of Independent India (after independence)Lord Louis Mountbatten
First Governor General of IndiaLord William Bentinck
First Education Minister of Independent IndiaMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
First Minister of Human Resources DevelopmentMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
First Attorney General for IndiaMotilal C. Setalvad (1950-1963)
First Cabinet Secretary of IndiaN.R.Pillai (1950-1953)
First Minister of FinanceR.K. Shanmukham Chetty
First National Human Rights  Commissioner of IndiaRanganath Misra
First Deputy Chairman of Rajya SabhaS.V. Krishnamoorthy Rao (1952-1962)
First Minister of Home AffairsSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
First Minister of Information and BroadcastingSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
First Vice President of Independent IndiaSarvapalli Radhakrishnan (1952- 1962)
First Indian ICS officerSatyendra Nath Tagore
First Chairman of Union Public Service CommissionSir Ross Barker
First Chief Election Commissioner of IndiaSukumar Sen (1950-1958)
First Indian to pass ICSSurendra Nath Banerjee
First Women Minister of External AffairsSushma Swaraj
First Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of IndiaV. Narahari Rao (1948-1954)
First President of Indian National CongressW.C Banerjee
First Governor General of BengalWarren Hastings

First in India – Defence

First National Security Advisor (India) 
Brajesh Mishra, IFS
First Medium-Range MissileAgni
First Chief of Air StaffAir Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst
First Indian Air Chief of IndiaAir Marshal Subroto Mukherjee
First large scale Atomic Reactor of IndiaApsara
First Chief Army StaffGeneral Maharaja Sri Rajendra Singh Ji Jadeja
First Field Marshal of IndiaGeneral S.F.J Manekshaw
First Nuclear Submarine of IndiaI.N.S. Chakra
First Indian SubmarineI.N.S. Kalvari
First Aircraft Carrier Indian ShipI.N.S. Vikrant
First Army Chief of IndiaKodandera Madappa Cariappa
First Nuclear CentreTarapur
First Chief of Naval Staff of IndiaVice-Admiral R.D Katari

First in India – Architecture

First temple constructed from a single rockKailasa temple at Ellora
First church in IndiaSt. Thomas Church, Palayoor
First mosque in IndiaCheraman Juma Mosque in Methala
First dam in IndiaKallanai Dam
First Indian temple with many interconnected structuresBrihadeeswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu

First in India – Sports

First Table Tennis player of IndiaAchanta Sharath Kamal
First Female Swimmer of IndiaArati Saha
First Indian to Win Palk-Strait Ocean Swimming ContestBaidyanath Nath
First Female wrestling player of IndiaGeeta Phogat
First Golf player of IndiaJeev Milkha Singh
First Female  Weightlifter player of IndiaKarnam Malleswari
First Indian AthleteKhashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav
First Car Racer of IndiaKumar Ram Narain Karthikeyan
First Batsman of IndiaLala Amarnath Bhardwaj
First Hockey player of IndiaMajor Dhyan Chand
First Female boxer to win 6 gold medals at World ChampionshipsMary Kom
First  Indian  Swimmer to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
First Asian Games OrganisedNew Delhi
First Billiards and Snooker player of IndiaPankaj Arjan Advani
First Badminton player of IndiaPrakash Padukone
First Squash player of IndiaRitwik Bhattacharya
First Female player of BadmintonSaina Nehwal
First Lawn Tennis player of IndiaSardar Nihal Singh
First Archery player of IndiaSatyadev Prasad
First Chess player of IndiaViswanathan Anand
First Indian to win Billiard TrophyWilson Jones

First in India – Awards and Prizes

First Indian to win Magsaysay AwardAcharya Vinoba Bhava
First Scientist to get Nobal PrizeC.V. Raman
First Indian to get Bharat Ratana AwardDr. S. Radhakrishnan
First Indian to get Jnanpith AwardG. Shankar Kurup
First Person to get Paramvir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First Women to get Ashok chakraNirja Bhanot
First Indian Nobel LaureateRabindranath Tagore
First Indian author to get Anderson AwardRuskin Bond
First Indian to get Stalin AwardSaifuddin Kitchlew

First in India – FAQs

Who first came to India?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama was the first European to reach India in July 1497. He arrives at Calicut(Kozhikode) on the Malabar Coast (State of Kerala) via the Atlantic Ocean.

Who got first Nobel Prize from India?

Rabindranath Tagore famous Poet and writer was the first Indian to get a Nobel Prize in 1913 in the field of literature.

Who is the first male graduate in India?

Joddu Nath Bose and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee became the first graduates of the university.

Who was the first woman CM of Delhi?

Sushma Swaraj was the first woman Chief Minister of Delhi from 13 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.

Who is the first citizen of country (India)?

The President of India is termed the First Citizen of India.

Who is the first Indian woman to get Nobel Prize?

Mother Teresa was the first Indian woman to win Noble Peace Prize in 1979.

This article is about the list of the first achievements of India and Indians in various fields. This is an important topic for government exams.

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